A statue of at the Lord Shiva Temple in Kanipakam Animal worship or zoolatry is rituals involving animals, such as the glorification of animal deities or. When a What animal represents belief? is respected or worshipped by means of a representative animal, an animal cult is formedp.
Animal cults may be classified according to their outward form or according to their inward meaning, which may of course What animal represents belief? transformationsp. The classical author Diodorus explained the origin of animal worship by recalling the myth in which the gods, supposedly threatened by giants, hid under the guise of animals.
The people then naturally began to worship the animals that their gods had disguised themselves as and continued this act even after the gods returned to their normal statep.
In 1906, Weissenborn suggested that animal worship resulted from man's natural curiosity. Primitive man would observe an animal that had a unique trait and the inexplicability of this trait would appeal to man's curiosityp.
Wonder resulted from primitive man's observations of this distinctive trait and this wonder eventually induced adoration. Thus, primitive man worshipped animals that had inimitable traitsp.
Lubbock proposed that animal-worship originated from family names. In societies, families would name themselves and their children after certain animals and eventually came to hold that animal above other animals.
Eventually, these opinions turned into deep respect and evolved into fully developed worship of the family animalp. The belief that an animal is sacred frequently results in prohibiting their consumption. As well as holding certain animals to be sacred, religions have also adopted the opposite attitude, that certain animals are. The idea that divinity embodies itself in animals, such as a deity incarnate, and then lives on earth among human beings is disregarded by religionsp.
In and churches, animals have very little religious significancep. Animals have become less and less important and symbolic in cult rituals and religion, especially among African cultures, as Christianity and Islamic religions have spread.
The was especially fond ofwith many animals sacred to particular deities— toand toto andfish to, and todogs and toserpents and totobulls to. Animals were often as a result of these beliefs.
According to mythology, the goddess once transformed a into a bear and then What animal represents belief? the constellation. The existence of an ancient bear cult among Neanderthals in the Middle Paleolithic period has been a topic of discussion spurred by archaeological findingsp.
Ancient bear bones have been discovered in several different caves and their peculiar arrangement are believed by some archaeologists to be evidence of a bear cult during the Paleolithic era. Japanese scroll painting, circa 1870. While many other animals are considered to be gods in the Ainu culture, the bear is the head of the godsp. For the Ainu, when the gods visit the world of man, they don fur and claws and take on the physical appearance of an animal.
The Ainu people willingly and thankfully ate the bear as they believed that the disguise the flesh and fur of any god was a gift to the home that the god chose to visitp. Many cultures, even those that have hunted them, hold whales in awe and feature them in their mythologies.
A prevalent cult in Japan occurs around the coastal area. There are cemeteries with memorial stones dedicated to the whales which were hunted and killed to feed the peoplep. Buddhist epitaphs mark these stones which implore that Buddha be reborn as a whalep. Along with these memorials, there is evidence that whale embryos, found in What animal represents belief? deceased mother's womb, were extracted and buried with the same respect as a human beingp.
For certain shrines, the bones of a perished whale were also deposited in the areap. In Alaska, there are cultures that have ceremonial tributes whales after they are captured in a huntp.
Some tribes bring the hump, the fins, or the nose of the whale into their camps or the whaler's house. These parts are meant to represent the entirety of the whale and are honored as such during the festivalp.
The bones of a whale are also given ritual treatment. The Alaskan tribes that participate in such What animal represents belief?
believe that their ceremonies protect the whale's soul from injury and the soul can then be free to return to the seap. In China, Yu-kiang, a whale with the hands and feet of a man was said to rule the oceanpp. In the region of Austria, it was said that if a sunbeam were to What animal represents belief? on a maiden entering womanhood, she would be carried away in the belly of a whalep.
When 'Big Raven', a deity in human form, found a stranded whale, he was told by the where to find special mushrooms that would give him the strength to drag the whale back to the sea and thus return order to the worldpp. The people of northern Canada What animal represents belief? that the orcas were created when the hunter Natsihlane carved eight fish from yellow cedar, sang his most What animal represents belief?
spirit song and commanded the fish to leap into the waterp. In Icelandic legend a man threw a stone at a and hit the blowhole, causing the whale to burst.
The man was told not to go to sea for twenty years, but in the nineteenth year he went fishing and a whale came and killed him. In East African legend, King Sulemani asked God that he might permit him to feed all the beings on earth. A whale came and ate until there was no corn left and then told Sulemani that he was still hungry and that there were 70,000 more in his tribe. Sulemani then prayed to God for forgiveness and thanked the creature for teaching him a lesson in humilitypp.
Some cultures that associate with whales, such as some Ghanaians and Vietnamese also known ascoastal Chinese except for southernmost region, Japanese also known asoccasionally hold funerals for beached whales; a throwback to Vietnam's ancient sea-based Austro-Asiatic culture.
See also the below-mentioned Ebisu in fish part for more details. In some lore, whales have been told to work for as well. The Bible mentions whales in 1:21, 7:12, 32:2. The Old Testament contains the and in the New Testament, Jesus mentions this story in 12:40.
Cattle and buffalo are respected by many pastoral peoples that rely on the animals for sustenance and the killing of an What animal represents belief? is a sacrificial functionp. The of southern abstain from the flesh of their domestic animal, the buffalo.
However, What animal represents belief? a year they sacrifice a bull calf, which is eaten in the forest by the adult malesp.
The buffalo plays an important part in many Toda rituals. These buffalo are currently endangered. The Ancient Egyptians worshipped a great number of deities who were either depicted entirely as cattle, or incorporated cattle features in their appearance. The great antiquity of the worship of Bat is evidenced by her appearance on themade by the very What animal represents belief?
of the dynastic pharaohs. When identified with the Celestial Cow Mehet-weret, the sky goddess may also take the form of a cow, as in the. When acting in her role as a heavenly goddess, the mother goddess may also be shown with bovine horns, adopting the traditional headdress of Hathor.
As well as these female cow goddesses, the Egyptians also had a number of male bull gods. Conspicuous among these was the bull godwho was embodied in a living bull kept at the Temple of at. Regarded as 's herald, the Apis bull was distinguished by certain marks, and when the old bull died a new one was sought.
The finder was rewarded, and the bull underwent four months' education at. Its birthday was celebrated once a year when oxen, which had to be pure white, were sacrificed to it. Women were forbidden to approach it once its education was finished. Oracles were obtained from it in various ways. After its death it was mummified and buried in a rock-tomb. A similar practice was in place at with the bull, the herald ofand at with the bull, the herald of.
After their death, all these sacred bulls were considered to become part ofp. Similar observances are found in our own day on the Upper.
The of Central Africa and the of Madagascar keep sacred bulls. In respect for the cow is widespread, but is of post-Vedic origin; there is little actual worship, but the products of the cow are important in magicp.
While there are several animals that are worshipped in India, the supreme position is held by the cowp. Thea breed of cow, is central to the religion of Hinduismp. Mythological legends have supported the sanctity of the zebu throughout Indiap. Such myths have included the creation of a divine cow mother and a cow heaven by the God, andthe sovereign of the universe, created the earth's vegetation, edible fruits and vegetables, disguised as a cowp.
According to Tadeusz Margul, What animal represents belief? of the Hindu religion and the cow has led to a misunderstanding that Hindi have a servile relationship with the zebu, giving prayers and offerings to it daily.
Typically, however, only during the Cow Holiday, an annual event, is the cow What animal represents belief? recipient of such practicesp. Margul suggests that sanctity of the cow is based on four foundations: abstaining from cow slaughter, abstaining from beef consumption, control of breeding and ownership, and belief in purification qualities of cow products milk, curd, ghee, dung, and urinep. His worshippers held the ram to be sacred, however, it was sacrificed once a year.
Its fleece formed the clothing of the idolp. In northern What animal represents belief? the wood spirit,is believed to have a goat's horns, ears and legsp.
A deity known as the Goat of is associated with the. In Greece, Italy, and Egypt, the goat was worshipped in both goat form and phallic formp. This type of worship has sometimes been said to have originated from the goat's increased sex drive. One male goat was capable of fertilizing 150 femalesp. The Greek god was depicted as having goat characteristics, such as hooves, horns, and a beard.
Along with Pan, the goat was closely related to Dionysus during the Roman erap. To honor Dionysus, Romans What animal represents belief? tear apart a goat and eat it alive. This association was What animal represents belief? in Egypt during the Middle Agesp. These What animal represents belief? have been used as evidence for a goat-cult of Asia originating either in the Neolithic or Bronze Agesp. The dogs are worshipped as a part of a five-day festival that falls roughly in November every year.
Init is believed that the dog is a messenger ofthe god of death, and dogs guard the doors of. Socially, they are believed to be the protectors of our homes and lives. So, in order to please the dogs they are going to meet at Heaven's doors after What animal represents belief?, so they would be allowed in Heaven, people mark the 14th day of the in November as Kukur-tihar, as known in Nepali language for the dog's day. This is a day when the dog is worshipped by applying the holy vermilion dotincense sticks and garlanded generally with flower.
Actual dog worship is uncommon. The of western Asia are said to worship a dog. The of Java had a cult of the red dog, each family keeping one in the house. According to one authority the dogs are images of wood which are worshipped after the death of a member of the family and burnt after a thousand days.
In it is said that dogs are worshipped at the festival called Khicha Puja. Among the dogs were sacred, but this was rather as brothers of the mystaep. In the nomadic tradition, the horse is one of the mythological animals, embodying the connection with the other world, with the supernatural.
The horse, exceptionally white, has always been associated with the sun, with daytime clarity, with fire, air, sky, water, solar heroes, as an expression of good human aspirations in daily work and struggle against difficulties. The white sun horse is an attribute of divine forces that are constantly fighting against evil — an opposition to death.
In the beliefs and rites of the nomads, first, the horse itself, second, its separate parts — the skull, cervical vertebrae, skin, hair, and third, objects associated with it — bridle, clamp, sweat, reins, whip, fallen horseshoe, image, etc.
The horse is seen to have the ability to drive out evil forces from the human body. A bronze top with the image of a horse was found in the Northern part of China in the early twentieth century, the only one found so far in the Eurasian steppes. There is some reason to believe thatlike other water gods, was originally conceived under the form of a.
In the cave of was, according to popular tradition, represented with the head and mane of a horse, possibly a relic of the time when a non-specialized bore this form. The mule and the horse are sacred to the Roman god. In we find a horse-goddess. There are also traces of a horse-god. The in India worship a horse-god,in the form of a shapeless stone, but it is not clear that the horse is regarded as divine.
The horse or mare is a common form of the corn-spirit in Europep. Among the Balkan culture, swaddling an unmarried person in a horse-girth is a typical ritual. It is thought that the sexual potency of the horse is passed to the individual wrapped in its girthp.
Along with the Balkan swaddling, Virgil's Aeneid bases the founding of the great city of Carthage upon a horsep. When the Phoenicians dug up a horse head from the ground they decided to build their city Carthage upon that spot because the horse was a sign of successp. Thus, Brown argued that the horse was sacred to the Phoenician peoplep.
Horses are godlike beings to. When one is taken the capturer is rewarded and the animal brought to the king to be kept ever afterwards. It cannot be bought or sold. It is baptized and fêted and mourned for like a human being at its death. In some parts of Indo-China the belief is that the soul of the elephant may injure people after death; it is therefore fêted by a whole village.
In it is held to bring luck to the kingdom. The cult of the white elephant is also found at in southernp. In India, the popular Hindu god has the head of an elephant and a torso of a human. Inunmarried Anāvil girls participate in a holiday referred to as Alunāmp.
This holiday is to honor the goddess. During What animal represents belief? celebration, a clay elephant is prepared most likely to celebrate 's creation of from a paste of either or. Every day, the unmarried women worship this elephant by dancing, singing songs, and abstaining from eating salt. On the final day of Alunām, the clay elephant is immersed in some body of waterp.
Certain cultures also used elephant figurines to display the animal's importance. There was evidence of an ancient elephant cult inp. Inhowever, wooden elephant figurines were placed on the top of a bamboo pole. This bamboo pole was only erected after the tribe chief had collected a certain number of human headsWhat animal represents belief?.
According to one account he lived in the east, according to another in the north. In his anthropomorphized form he was known as orp. The Ancient Egyptians also worshipped a hare goddess, named. She was associated with the city ofand her image appears on What animal represents belief?
standard of the Hermopolitan nome. To the Greeks it was sacred to What animal represents belief? goddesswhile in it is linked to the goddess. The deer also held spiritual significance to the pastoralist cultures of the. The golden stag figurine found in the is one of the most famous pieces of Scythian art. The founding brothers and are raised by a mother wolf, making the wolf the symbolic mother of Rome. Among the Ancient Egyptians, the gods and both took the form a wolf, jackal or wild dog, or a man with the head of such a creature.
Anubis was a funerary deity, considered the patron of the mummification process and a protector of tombs. In the afterlife, it was he who performed the crucial role in the Weighing of the Heart ceremony that decided the individual's post mortem fate. In earlier times Anubis was the supreme god of the underworld, but he was later replaced in that role by the human-formed. It is possible that the Egyptians originally conveived of Anubis as a wild dog because of the animals' location on the outskirts of towns, near the tombs of the dead, or possibly because of their scavengeing of corpses, which led them to congregate near tombs.
Wepwawet was a deity more focussed on the world of the living, whose chief role was to 'open the way', whether this be opening the way of the pharaoh to victory in battle, opening the way for the priests in a ritual procession, or any other application. The great antiquity of Wepwawet's What animal represents belief?
in Egypt is evidenced by themade by the very first of the dynastic pharaohs, including the image of a wolf on a standard as a part of a ritual procession. It has been suggested that Wepwawet's depiction as a wolf stems from the animal's keen sense of smell, allowing it to 'open the way' to find something important. Among the a man who kills one is liable to be put to death; no leopard skin may be exposed to view, but a stuffed leopard is worshipped.
On the Gold Coast a leopard hunter who has killed his victim is carried round the town behind the body of the leopard; he may not speak, must besmear himself so as to look like a leopard and imitate its movements. In a prince's cap is put upon the head of a dead leopard, and dances are held in its honourp. Inthere were several feline-shaped deities. The earliest attested of these was the goddess. What animal represents belief? was often depicted with the head What animal represents belief?
a cheetah, leopard or lynx. In later periods, other feline deities were more dominant. There were several -headed deities, included goddesses such as, early form, andand gods such as. All of these were fierce deities, dedicated to destroying the enemies of the gods and the pharaoh. Sekhmet, the most famous Egyptian lion-goddess, was considered a daughter of the chief god and was worshipped as a beneficent goddess who protected Egypt from pestilence and misfortunethough at the same time was greatly feared due to her destructive capabilities, as demonstrated in the.
Cat mummies were used as to the goddess, mostly during festivals and by. Hundreds of thousands of cat mummies were excavated at cat cemeteries in, and.
There was a lion-god at. In modern Africa we find a lion-idol among thep. The lion was also sacred tothe of the. Thus the started to be reverenced in some others abrahamic cults, symbolising their prophets, as such as andthe ras Tafari.
In Mesoamerica as a What animal represents belief?
of fertility and warriorship among theandand had an important role in shamanism. Also in various and martial art, the tiger is depicted as an earth symbol and equal rival of the - the two representing matter and spirit respectively. The tiger replaces the lion as king of the beasts in cultures of eastern Asia, representing royalty, fearlessness and wrath. Some cultures that celebrated tiger worship are still represented contemporarily.
In the suburbs ofChina, there is a tourist attraction where the tiger worship of the is displayed for visitors. This attraction called the Solar Calendar Square is complete with a growling tiger statue, measuring to be five meters highp. In Chuxiong of China, a similar attraction exists. A tiger totem What animal represents belief? presented for tourists; the totem portrays the Yi belief of the tiger setting the entire world in motion.
A tiger dance of the Shuangbai County is also performed at such places explaining the history of the Yi and their worship of tigersp. Along with these tourist attractions that display historical practices of the Yi, there is What animal represents belief? additional evidence for tiger worship. Tigers were found depicted on small stones. These stones were pierced and worn as amulets, suggesting that the tiger had a certain power of protection for its wearerp.
The Queen Mother deity of the west,sometimes possessed a tail of a tiger in her depictions and, like the tiger, was associated with the mountainsp. The tiger was also a deity for both the Tungus and the Black Pottery peoplep. In Korean history and culture, a tiger is regarded as a guardian that drives away evil spirit and a sacred creature What animal represents belief? brings good luck — the symbol of courage and absolute power. It appears in not only the but also inas well as a favorite subject of such as and sculpture.
The animal is also known to do the errands for the mountain's guardian spirit which is known to wish for peace and the well-being of the village. So, the tiger was ordered by the spiritual guardian of the mountain to give protection and wish for peace in the village. People drew such paintings and hung them in the shrine built in the mountain of the village where memorial rituals were performed regularly. In Buddhism, there is also a shrine that keeps the painting of the guardian spirit of the mountain.
In many parts of Vietnam, the is a revered creature. In each village, there might be a tiger temple. This worshiping practice might have stem from the fear of tigers used to raid human settlements in the ancient time. Tigers are admired for their great strength, ferocity and grace. Tiger is also considered a guardian deity. Tiger statutes are usually seen at the entrance of temples and palaces, keeping evil spirits from entering those places.
The tiger is associated with the deities and. InNepal the tiger festival is known as. The tribe ofworship Waghia the lord of tigers in the form of a shapeless stonep. In and tiger-gods are also found. He is a reincarnation of Shiva, the god of destruction.
In orthodox villages monkeys are safe from harmp. In traditionalmonkeys are supernatural beings that could into either monkey-demons or were-monkeys, and legends about monkey-human interbreeding are common. Similar to Daoism, paradoxically treats monkeys as both wise and foolish animals. Monkeys are said to be worshipped in.
Atintwins have tutelary spirits in the shape of small monkeysp. The hamadryas baboon was sacred to the Ancient Egyptians, and often appeared as a form of a deity. Egyptian deities depicted as baboons includeandalthough the latter is more often shown with the head of an ibis. A group of 6 or 8 baboons were also a common feature in scenes showing the sun god at dawn as he What animal represents belief?
over the horizon, with the baboons raising their hands to What animal represents belief? in praise. This is probably inspired by the observed behaviour of baboons, as they are known to 'chatter' at sunrise, as if greeting the sun. On the What animal represents belief? hand, the strong maternal instinct of female hippos led to the worship of several female hippo goddesses, usually as goddesses of pregnancy and motherhood, and protectors of women and children.
The most famous of these hippopotamus goddesses What animal represents belief? was a very common household deity among What animal represents belief?
common people of Egypt, and many amulets were made in her form. Others included Opet or Ipet, who was similar to Taweret but a little more stately, as well as Reret, who personified the constellation of Draco. On the other hand, the destructive capabilities of the hippopotamus towards useful boats led to it also being seen as a force of chaos, and so it also became associated with the god of disorder.
This victory of Horus over Seth was symbolically re-enacted during royal hunting expeditions, with the king taking the role of Horus, and a wild hippopotamus embodying Seth. The king's successful slaughter of the hippopotamus thus connected his martial prowess to that of Horus himself, demonstrating his right to be king.
India, a small number of temples are dedicated to the worship of wild mice. Whilst widely regarded as a creature to be avoided, for pestilential reasons in such temples the animals are actively encouraged. It is frequently associated with Ganesh. As a creature capable of survival, it is to be revered and respected.
All over that region it is the chief figure in a group of myths, fulfilling the office of a culture hero who brings the light, gives fire to mankind, and so onp. One day the Raven became so bored with bird land that he flew away, carrying a stone in his beak. When the Raven became tired of carrying the stone and dropped it, the stone fell into the ocean and expanded until it formed the firmament on which humans now live.
In the creator role, and in the Raven's role as the and of one of the four northwest clan houses, the Raven is often addressed as Grandfather Raven. It is not clear whether this form of address is intended to refer to a Raven who is different from the Raven, or if it is just a vain attempt to encourage the trickster spirit to What animal represents belief? respectably. Together with the eagle-hawk the crow plays a great part in the mythology of southeasternp.
Ravens also play a part in some European mythologies, such as in the andwhere they were connected to and the in the former and in the latter. There were rituals that involved the hawk when the natives wished to make decisions about certain events, such as journeys from home, major agricultural work, and warp. In North we seem to see the evolution of a god in the three stages of the cult of the hawk among thethe and the sea. The Kenyahs will not kill it, address to it thanks for assistance, and formally consult it before leaving home on an expedition.
It seems, however, to be regarded as the messenger of the supreme god Balli Penyalong. The Kayans have a hawk-god,but seem to regard the hawk as the servant of the chief god. He is god of omens and What animal represents belief? of the omen birds, but the hawk is not his messenger. For he never leaves his house. Stories are, however, told of his attending feasts in human form and flying away in hawk form when all was overp. According to Florance Waterbury, hawk worship was universalp.
The hawk is commonly associated with the Egyptian god. As a god of the sky, divine authority, war, victory and civilisation, Horus became the patron deity of the pharaohs.
The souls of former pharaohs were said to be the followers of Horus and therefore, the hawkp. Horus was originally depicted by the Egyptians as a full hawk, but after the Fourth and Fifth Dynasty depictions with a human body and a hawk head became more common. Other Egyptian deities shown in the form of a hawk or hawk-headed man include, not always and.
Egypt was not the only location of hawk worshippers. There were several other cultures which held the hawk in high regard.
The hawk was a deity on the island of Hawaii and symbolized swift justicep. Along with the lone island from the Hawaiian archipelago, the Fiji islands also had some tribes who worshipped a hawk What animal represents belief?p.
Furthermore, although animal worshipping is not a part of Sikh culture, a white falcon What animal represents belief? is mostly regarded in Sikhism as it was associated with the sixth guru and especially the tenth guru. The tenth guru would always carry a white falcon perched on his hand when going out to hunt. The tenth guru was known as the Master What animal represents belief?
White Hawk. Many people believe that the bird carried by Guru Gobind Singh was a hawk, however historians believe that the bird was a gyrfalcon or a saker falcon. The cult involved an annual race to collect the first egg of the season from the islet of and take it to.
The Frigate Bird Cult is thought to have originated in the Solomon Islands before immigrating to Easter Island where it became obsoletep. The Frigate-Bird was a representation of the godthe god of the seabird's egg on Easter Islandp. In art, Thoth was usually depicted as a man with the head of an ibis, or more rarely as a baboon. Sacred ibises were kept and fed in temples in his honour, and mummified ibises were given to him as votive offerings.
It is thought that the association of the ibis with Thoth may have originated from the curved shape of the bird's beak, which resembles a crescent moon. At the city of in there was a temple dedicated to the goddesswho was depicted in art as a vulture, sometimes wearing a royal crown.
Nekhbet was closely associated with the Egyptian royal family, and was considered a personal protector of the Egyptian king. She was often portrayed or invoked alongside a similar goddess namedwho was depicted as a cobra and had her main temple at in. Nekhbet and Wadjet thus often featured together on temple reliefs and stelae, representing in heraldic format the union between Upper and Lower Egypt.
This great honour of patronage over one of the king's names was shared only with such major gods as and. Due to the vulture's maternal connotations and its early use in the iconography of Nekhbet, in later periods a vulture headdress came to be worn by a large number of Egyptian goddesses, as well as by human queens. Goddesses who wore the vulture headdress in What animal represents belief? periods included Mut,andalthough only Nekhbet appeared as a vulture in its entirety.
The worship of the serpent is found in many parts of theand in the Americasp. In India refers to the high status of in.
Over a large part of India there are carved representations of cobras or stones as substitutes. To these human food and flowers are offered and lights are burned before the shrines.
Among the Dravidians a cobra which is accidentally killed is burned like a human being; no one would kill one intentionally. The serpent-god's image is What animal represents belief? in an annual procession by a celibate priestessp. At one time there were many prevalent different renditions of the serpent cult located in India. The Manasa-cult in Bengal, India, however, was dedicated to the anthropomorphic serpent goddess,p.
In Africa the chief centre of worship was. By the conquest What animal represents belief? Whydah the Dahomeyans were brought in contact with a people of serpent worshippers, and ended by adopting from them the beliefs which they at first despised. At Whydah, the chief centre, there is a serpent temple, tenanted by some fifty snakes. Every python of the danh-gbi kind must be treated with respect, and death is the penalty for killing one, even by accident.
Danh-gbi has numerous wives, who until 1857 took part in a public procession from which the profane crowd was excluded; a python was carried round the town in a hammock, perhaps as a ceremony for the expulsion of evils. The rainbow-god of the Ashanti was also conceived to have the form of a snake. His messenger was said to be a small variety of boa. In many parts of Africa the serpent is looked upon as the incarnation of deceased relatives.
Among the Amazulu, as among the of Madagascar, certain species are assigned as the abode of certain classes. Theon the other hand, regard each species as the habitat of a particular family of the tribep. In Ancient Egyptian religion, serpents had both positive and negative representations. On the one hand, the Egyptians worshipped a number of beneficent snake deities, including,and.
The was a fierce divine cobra that protected Egyptian kings and major deities. On the other hand, the serpent was a malevolent demon, who endeavoured to destroy the chief deity. The Sumerians had a serpent god. Several deities were depicted in crocodilian form, but the most famous and important of these was undoutedly the god. Sobek was a powerful and fearsome god, associated with violence and strength, and acted as a fierce protector against evil, and a punisher of wrongdoers.
It is easy to see why he was associated with the crocodile, which similarly is a very fearsome creature. Sobek also had a role relating to fertility, particularly the fertility brought to the land by the Nile flood, in whose waters crocodiles live. Sobek's main temple was located in the city of in the area, and he also had the importantwhich he shared with the god Horus. Sobek was also worshipped as a secondary deity in the temples of other gods, particularly those of his mother, the goddess.
Other Egyptian crocodile gods include Shemanefer, the lesser-known brother of Sobek, as well as Khenty-Khety and Wenty, about whom little is known. This tradition may have originated here, with a What animal represents belief?, but recently uncovered suggest a fish-god with human head and hands was worshipped by people who wore fish-skinsp.
In Japan, there was a deity called Ebisu-gami who, according to Sakurada Katsunori, was widely revered by fishing communities and industriesp. Ebisu, in later traditions, normally appeared in the form of a fisherman holding a fishing pole and carrying a red tai a perchbut would sometimes take the form of a whale, shark, human corpse, or rockp.
The general image of Ebisu, however, appears to be the whale or the shark, according to Sakuradap. During Ebisu-gami festivals, there have been legends told of strange fish creatures which have arrived and been considered sacred. Examples of such fish creatures include familiar species of fish with multiple tailsp.
Sometimes these fish were considered to be simply an offering to the deity. Other times, however, they were considered to What animal represents belief? Ebisu himself, visiting on the festival dayp. The Ancient Egyptian goddess from the city of was depicted as a fish, fish-woman hybrid, or a woman with a fish emblem or crown on her head.
She was a goddess of life and protection. Fish, specifically Nile perch, were also held sacred to the Egyptian goddess at her temple atthough she was never depicted in their form.
She was a goddess of fertility, both the fertility of the land and the fertility of human reproduction. She was particularly associated with the final stages of the Nile flood, as well as the final stages of human birth. She was portrayed as a divine What animal represents belief?, and was considered the consort of the god due to their similar roles. The behaviour of the beetle rolling its ball of dung along the ground was likened to the sun god rolling the sun across the sky. As a result, the beetle god received worship in the city ofthe main sanctuary of the sun god.
In addition, the birth of young beetles from eggs laid in dung was an important symbol of rebirth, so amulets in the shape of scarabs were often included in tombs. Another insect although, technically an arachnid venerated by the Egyptians was the scorpion. The goddess was depicted wearing a scorpion on her headdress, and was prayed to in order to heal venomous stings and bites.
She was one of a group of four goddesses frequently invoked together to protect the body in funerary customs, the others being What animal represents belief?, and.
The four were often charged with protecting particular organs, assisting the. Though less famous than the other three canopic goddesses, Serqet's worship is clearly very ancient, with images of scorpions appearing very early in Egyptian art, and even appearing in the names of several early kings.
Though the association of Serqet with the scorpion has long been assumed her original function, recent scholarship has questioned whether the original animal in her headdress may have actually been a waterscorpion, and the association with the land What animal represents belief? came later. As well as Serqet, there were several more minor scorpion goddesses, including and. A What animal represents belief?
of seven scorpions also appear as protectors of Isis in the myth of her raising of her son Horus. The appears as an oracular animal in the story ofand also in in there was a dove-oracle of. Animal imagery was also often employed in the in Ancient Greecep. Inthe is an oracular animal. A popular North American tradition isin which on February 2 each year a groundhog is used to predict whether there will be an early spring.
Notable oracular animals of the modern period include,and. The more animal spirits a shaman had under his control, the more powerful the shamanp. When a shaman set out to journey spiritually to the outer world, animals were a key component, assisting him in his work.
There were three primary reasons for a shaman to take such a journey: to find a lost soul, to bring an animal spirit to the high gods, or to lead a soul What animal represents belief? its new resting place in the underworld. All of these were extremely important to followers of shamanism and animals were extremely important in facilitating the shaman's effortsp. An example of animal spirits in Shamanism comes from the Yenisei Ostiaks culture.
During a healing procedure, a shaman invokes a number of animal spirits to help him. The spirits arrive and enter his body. The shaman is not possessed by these spirits; he is free to expel them at any timep. His body begins to leap all over the place, symbolizing that his soul is rising, leaving the earth and going up to the sky. It is a bird spirit that is lifting him through the atmosphere and he cries for it to take him higher so he can see further. According to Adolf Friedrich, at this point the shaman's essence has, in fact, transformed into the bird spirit that crossed the threshold into his bodyp.
He finally spots what he is looking for, the soul of his ill patient. Still assisting him, the animal spirits carry the shaman to the patient's soul. The shaman retrieves it and returns the soul to its rightful place, healing the patient. Without the presence of animal spirits, the shaman could not have accomplished such a featp. The importance of animals in this shamanic religion is shown by the capabilities that animals grant to human beings. Without the assistance of animals, humans from Inner Eurasia were not capable of reaching the sky, traveling rapidly throughout the earth, or going beneath the earth's outer crust, all of which were important activities to the culturep.
Heaven was not attainable for a person What animal represents belief? What animal represents belief? assistance of an eagle.
Because of the eagle, an animal, What animal represents belief? Inner Eurasians believed that they were capable of achieving their after-life and living in the home of their ancestors and Supreme God after their departure from the earthp. Heaven was represented by the people in assemblies of animals, usually grouped in sevens or ninesp. When participating in hunting or warfare, Inner Eurasians also took on animal qualities because they believed it would increase their successp.
Animals were a central part of this religionp. According to Buddhist belief, humans do not deserve preferential treatment over other living beings. Thus, the world is not specifically meant for human use and should be shared equally amongst all creatures. Buddhists recognize that all animals are sentient and are capable of feeling pain, grief, fear, happiness, and hungerpp.
They have intelligence and want to live too. Why should we harm them? Not believing in inflicting harm on any living, sentient being, some Buddhists also follow a diet to avoid causing pain to animalsp. Avoiding the destruction of life can affect aspects beyond a Buddhist's diet, such as travel plans.
In order to avoid crushing any living thing, be it plant, insect, or animal, some Buddhist do not travel during rainy seasonsp. Originally, shortly after Buddhism was first founded, monks traveled during all seasons, but public opinion changed this. The people protested that so much life was crushed and destroyed when monks traveled during the wet season. As a result, monks were required to seek shelter during this season and abstain from journeysp.
Living creatures, including humans, culminate to form one large, united life-force in the Buddhist religion. Buddhists, therefore, believe that to harm another living creature is to, in fact, harm yourself as all life-forms are interrelatedp.
There are many tales that depict humans sacrificing their lives so that an animal may live. Aor previous incarnation story, tells how the Buddha, upon hearing the distraught cries of a lioness struggling to feed her hungry cubsleapt from a cliff and smashed his body to death as an offering, so What animal represents belief?
she could feed his flesh to them. Hinduism has evolved over several centuries from times when there was no restriction on animal worship and also animal What animal represents belief?
for food, to later and -influenced that led to a wider concept adoption of or and respect for animals, as a major constituent in belief systemsp. Humans and animals are believed to be one family and therefore, humans should treat all living creatures with respect and kindness. It is also believed that human beings themselves as animals based on their deeds or. Pets are often treated as if they are truly members of the familyp.
There are some exceptions to ahimsa in Hinduism - mainly dealing with religious rituals to please gods on and for daily sustenance. An example of such lavishness would be hunting for pleasure, a fur coat made from animal skin, What animal represents belief?.
An explanation for this supposed paradox is that a sacrificial animal is not really considered to be an animal, but a symbol. Thus, when the animal is sacrificed, they are sacrificing the symbol and not the animalp. Some Jains will carry a broom with them and sweep their path as they walk to avoid stepping on What animal represents belief? living creature.
Jains will also wear masks over their mouths to prevent swallowing insects and inspect their fruit for worms. The fruit inspection is not, however, because of their aversion of worms, but for the protection of the worms themselvesp. Jains are also only allowed to eat during daylight hours, when their vision is not restricted, so that they avoid eating insects or other small creatures that could possibly be in their foodp.
Jainism includes a lay form which is somewhat less restrictive What animal represents belief?, p. Basically lay Jains must distinguish between what forms of violence are necessary and unnecessary, but do not have to abstain entirelyp. This results in avoiding all forms of hunting, tilling the soil tilling involved disturbing creatures embedded in the earthand brewing brewing involved using living organisms such as yeastsp.
Food will never be prepared especially for them. They beg for food from others believing that because the food was prepared for someone else, they are not What animal represents belief? cause of violence towards living creaturesp. The Wonders of the Seas. The Dawn of Art in the Ancient World: An Archaeological Sketch. New York: Macmillan and Co. The Rise and Fall of the Sacred Cat. The Golden Bough: Balder the beautiful. The fire-festivals of Europe and the doctrine of the external soul 3rd ed.
Proceedings and transactions of the Liverpool Biological Society. Montpellier: Cahiers de l'Égypte Nilotique et Méditerranéenne 11. Illustrated by Molly Baker illustrated ed. Divine Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt.
Cairo: American University in Cairo Press.