Political correctness (adjectivally: politically correct; commonly abbreviated PC) is a term used to describe language, policies, or measures that are intended to avoid offense or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society.
What is political correctness and what is its importance?Political correctness (PC) refers to language that avoids offending persons of various genders, races, sexual orientations, cultures, or social conditions. One of the most commonly stated goals of political correctness is the elimination of verbal discrimination and negative stereotyping.
What is the goal of political correctness?Political correctness (adjectivally: politically correct; commonly abbreviated PC) is a term used to describe language, policies, or measures that are intended to avoid offense or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society.
What is the opposite of political correctness?What is the opposite of political correctness?inappropriateinconsiderateinsensitiveinsultingoffensivepolitically incorrectprejudicedtactless
In public discourse and the media, the term is generally used as a with an What does political correctness include? that these policies are excessive or unwarranted. Since the late 1980s, the term has been used to describe a preference for and avoidance of language or behavior that can be seen asmarginalizing, or insulting to groups of people disadvantaged or discriminated against, particularly groups defined by ethnicity, sex, gender, or sexual orientation.
Early usage of the term politically correct by in the 1970s and 1980s was as self-critical ; usage was ironic, rather than a name for a serious. It What does political correctness include? considered an in-joke among leftists used to satirise those who were too rigid in their adherence to political. The modern pejorative usage of the term emerged from criticism of the in the late 20th century, with many describing it as a form of. Commentators on the in the United States contend that conservatives use the concept of political correctness to downplay and divert attention from substantively discriminatory behavior against disadvantaged groups.
They also argue that the enforces its own forms of political correctness to suppress criticism of its favored constituencies and ideologies. The term political correctness first appeared in Marxist-Leninist vocabulary following the Russian Revolution of 1917. At that time it was used to describe strict adherence to the policies and principles of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, that is, the.
Later, in the United States, the What does political correctness include? came to be associated with accusations of in debates between American and American. It was used by Socialists against Communists, and was meant to separate out Socialists who believed in egalitarian moral ideas from dogmatic Communists who would advocate and defend party What does political correctness include?
regardless of their moral substance. Main article: In the 1970s, the American began using the term politically correct.
Thereafter, the term was often used as self-critical. Professor of English literary and cultural studies at Jeffrey J. An October 1990 article by is credited with popularizing the term. The previously obscure far-left term became common currency in the lexicon of the conservative social and political challenges against and curriculum changes in the secondary schools and universities of the U.
In May 1991, at a commencement ceremony for a graduating class of the University of Michigan, then U. And although the movement arises from the laudable desire to sweep away the debris of racism and sexism and hatred, it replaces old prejudice with new ones. It declares certain topics off-limits, certain expression off-limits, even certain gestures off-limits. It became a key term encapsulating conservative concerns about the left in cultural and political debates extending beyond academia. What does political correctness include?
response received funding from conservative foundations and think tanks such as thewhich funded several books such as D'Souza's. During the 1990s, conservative and politicians, think-tanks, and speakers adopted the phrase as a pejorative descriptor of their ideological enemies — especially in the context of the about and the content of public-school curricula.
Liberal commentators have argued that the conservatives and reactionaries who used the term did so in effort to divert political discussion away from the substantive matters of resolving societal discrimination — such as,and legal inequality — against people whom conservatives do not consider part of the social mainstream.
Another British journalist,wrote in 2001: Political correctness is one of the brilliant tools that the American Right developed in the mid—1980s, as part of its demolition of American liberalism. Geoffrey Hughes suggested that debate over political correctness concerns whether changing language actually solves political and social problems, with critics viewing it less about solving problems than imposing censorship, intellectual intimidation and demonstrating the moral purity of those who practice it.
Hughes also argues that What does political correctness include? correctness tends to be pushed by a minority rather than an organic form of language change.
This usage was popularized by a number of articles in and other media throughout the 1990s, and was widely used in the debate surrounding 's 1987 book. The term gained further currency in response to 's Tenured Radicals 1990and conservative author 's 1991 book Illiberal Education.
Similarly, a common conservative criticism of higher education in the United States is that are more liberal than those of the general population, and that this contributes to an atmosphere of political correctness.
Many such authors and popular-media figures, particularly on the right, have used the term to criticize what they see What does political correctness include? bias in the media. William McGowan argues that journalists get stories wrong or ignore stories worthy of coverage, because of what McGowan perceives to be their liberal ideologies and their fear of offending minority groups. He argued that political correctness in language not only destroys meaning but also demeans the people who are meant to be protected.
In 1994, the comedy film took a look What does political correctness include? political correctness on a college campus. In its 2015South Park introduced the characterwho embodies the principle, to poke fun at the principle of political correctness. And the goal is very much the kind of thing Orwell tried to convey with his notion of : to make it impossible to talk, and possibly even think, about ideas that challenge the established order.
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